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The Beast From 20,000 Fathoms (1953 film)
The-beast-from-20000-fathoms-poster
General Information
Directed by

Eugène Lourié

Produced by

Jack Dietz,
Hal E. Chester,
Bernard W. Burton

Written by

Lou Morheim,
Fred Freiberger,
Ray Bradbury,
Daniel James,
Eugène Lourié,
Robert Smith

Composed by

David Buttolph

Production Information
Distributed by

Warner Bros.

Rating

Not rated

Budget

$210,000 (Estimated)

Box office

$5,000,000

Running time

80 minutes
(1 hour, 20 minutes)

The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms (2万尋から獣,   Niman hiro kara kemono?) is a 1953 science fiction film produced by Warner Bros. Entertainment. It was based on the story "The Fog Horn" by Ray Bradbury. The movie was released to American theaters on June 13, 1953.


Plot Synopsis

Far north of the Arctic Circle, a nuclear bomb test, dubbed Operation Experiment, is conducted. Prophetically, right after the blast, physicist Thomas Nesbitt muses, "What the cumulative effects of all these atomic explosions and tests will be, only time will tell". Sure enough, the explosion awakens a huge fictional carnivorous dinosaur known as the Rhedosaurus, thawing it out of the ice where it had been hibernating for 100,000 years.

The monster starts making its way down the east coast of North America, sinking a fishing ketch off the Grand Banks, destroying another near Marquette, Canada, wrecking a lighthouse in Maine, and crushing buildings in Massachusetts. The monster eventually comes ashore in Manhattan, and after tearing through power-lines attacks the city. The monster's rampage causes the death of 180 people, injures 1,500 and does $300 million worth of damage.

Arriving on the scene, the military troops of Col. Jack Evans, blast a bazooka hole in the monsters throat and drive it back into the sea. Unfortunately, it bleeds all over the streets, unleashing a "horrible, virulent" prehistoric germ, which begins to contaminate the populace, causing even more fatalities. The germ precludes blowing the monster up or burning it, lest the contagion spread. Thus its decided to shoot a radioactive isotope into the monster's neck wound with hopes of burning the beast up from the inside, killing it.

When the beast comes ashore and attacks the Coney Island amusement park, military sharpshooter Corporal Stone takes the potent radioactive isotope launcher (its the only one of its kind outside of Oak Ridge so he can't miss), and climbs onboard a roller coaster. Riding the coaster to the top of the tracks so he can get to eye-level with the giant beast, he fires the isotope into the monsters wound. The creature lets out a horrible death scream and crashes to the ground dead.

Staff

Staff role on the left, staff member's name on the right.

  • Directed by   Eugène Lourié
  • Written by   Lou Morheim, Fred Freiberger, Ray Bradbury, Daniel James, Eugène Lourié, and Robert Smith
  • Produced by   Jack Dietz, Hal E. Chester, and Bernard W. Burton
  • Music by   David Buttolph
  • Cinematography by   John L. Russell
  • Edited by   Bernard W. Burton
  • Assistant directing by   Horace Hough
  • Special effects by   Willis Cook, Ray Harryhausen, George Lofgren, and Eugène Lourié

Cast

Actor's name on the left, character played on the right.

  • Paul Hubschmid   as   Professor Tom Nesbitt (as Paul Christian)
  • Paula Raymond   as   Dr. Lee Hunter
  • Cecil Kellaway   as   Dr. Thurgood Elson
  • Kenneth Tobey   as   Colonel Jack Evans
  • Donald Woods   as   Captain Phillip Jackson
  • Lee Van Cleef   as   Corporal Stone
  • Steve Broodie   as   Sergeant Loomis
  • Ross Elliott   as   Professor George Ritchie
  • Jack Pennick   as   Jacob Bowman
  • Ray Hyke   as   Sergeant Willistead
  • Paula Hill   as   Miss Ryan (as Mary Hill)
  • Micheal Fox   as   Emergency Room Doctor
  • Alvin Greenman   as   First Radar Man
  • Frank Ferguson   as   Dr. Morton
  • King Donovan   as   Dr. Ingersoll
  • Merv Griffin   as   Voice of Announcer and Bespectacled Man
  • Fred Aldrich   as   Radio Operator
  • James Best   as   Charlie - Radar Man
  • Edward Clark   as   Lighthouse Keeper
  • Loise Colombet   as   Nun / Nurse
  • Robert Easton   as   Deckhand
  • Roy Engel   as   Major Evans
  • Franklyn Farnum   as   Balletgoer
  • Bess Flowers   as   Balletgoer
  • Joe Gray   as   Longshoreman
  • Kenner G. Kemp   as   Police Officer with Rifle
  • Jimmy Lloyd   as   Soldier
  • Vivian Mason   as   Miss Ryan - Secretary
  • Vera Miles   as   Woman in Tailor
  • Steve Mitchell   as   Police Officer
  • Paul Picerni   as   Man in Trailer
  • Hugh Prosser   as   Doctor
  • William Woodson   as   Voice of Opening Narrator and Radio Announcer

Appearances

Monsters

Production

The Beast From 20,000 Fathoms was the first film to feature a giant monster awakened or brought about by an atomic bomb detonation and to attack a major city. Due to its financial success at the box office, it helped spawn the entire genre of "giant monster" films of the 1950s. Producers Jack Dietz and Hal E. Chester got the idea to combine the growing paranoia about nuclear weapons with the concept of a giant monster after the successful theatrical re-release of King Kong in 1952. In turn, this craze inspired the Godzilla series.

When the short story of the same title by Ray Bradbury was published in The Saturday Evening Post, Dietz and Chester were reminded by someone that both works share a similar theme of a prehistoric sea monster, and a lighthouse being destroyed. The producers who wished to share Bradbury's reputation and popularity, bought the right to Bradbury's story and changed the film's title. The movie was promoted as being "suggested" by a Ray Bradbury story. Bradbury would eventually change the title of his story to The Fog Horn when it was reprinted.

Creature effects were assigned to Ray Harryhausen, who had been working with Willis O'Brien, the man who created King Kong, for years. The monster of the film looked nothing like the Brontosaurus-type creature of the short story. A drawing of the creature was published along with the story in the The Saturday Evening Post.[1] At one point there were plans to have the Rhedosaurus snort flames, but this idea was dropped before production began due to budget restrictions. However, the concept was still used in the films movie poster artwork.

Some early preproduction conceptual sketches of the Rhedosaurus showed that at one point it was to have a shelled head and at another point was to be a beaked Dinosaur creature. [2]

While trying to identify the Rhedosaurus, Professor Tom Nesbitt goes through the dinosaur drawings of Charles R. Knight, a man whom Harryhausen claims as in inspiration. Incidentally, Knight died in 1953, the year Beast was released.

The dinosaur skeleton in the museum sequence is artificial; it was obtained from storage at RKO Pictures where it had been constructed for Bringing up Baby (1938).

This movie had a production budget of $210,000. It grossed roughly $5 million dollars at the Box Office. Original prints of Beast were sepia toned.

The original music score was composed by Michel Michelet, but when Warner Brothers purchased the film they had a new score written by David Buttolph. Ray Harryhausen had been hoping that his film music hero Max Steiner would be able to write the music for the picture, as Steiner had written the landmark score for King Kong, and Steiner was under contract with Warner Brothers at the time. Unfortunately for Ray, Steiner had too many commitments to allow him to do the film, but fortunately for film music fans, Buttolph composed one of his most memorable and powerful scores, setting much of the tone for giant monster music of the 1950s.

Gallery

Main article: The Beast From 20,000 Fathoms/Gallery.

Soundtrack

Main article: The Beast From 20,000 Fathoms (Soundtrack).

Alternate Titles

The Monster from Beneath the Sea (Umi no shita kara kaibutsu) (Working title)

The Sea Monster (O Monstro do Mar; Brazil)

Panic in New York (Pánik New Yorkban; Hungary)

Theatrical Releases

  • United States - June 13, 1953  [view poster]The-beast-from-20000-fathoms-poster
  • Brazil - August 28, 1953
  • West Germany - November 6, 1953  [view poster]5531
  • Italy - January 1954  [view poster]Il-risveglio-del-dinosauro-img-130194
  • Sweden - February 22, 1954
  • Finland - March 26, 1954
  • Denmark - March 29, 1954
  • France - July 9, 1954
  • Austria - July 16, 1954
  • Portugal - December 12, 1954
  • Japan - December 22, 1954
  • Turkey - January 1955
  • Mexico  [view poster]BeastFrom20000F2
  • Belgium  [view poster]Beast from 20000 fathoms poster 03
  • Spain  [view poster]6 7300
  • Greece
  • Netherlands
  • Poland
  • Turkey

Video Releases

Warner Home Video (2003)[3]

  • Released: October 21, 2003
  • Region: Region 1
  • Language: English (Dolby Digital 1.0), French (Dolby Digital 1.0)
  • Format: Black & White, Closed-captioned, Dubbed, NTSC, Subtitled
  • Other Details: 1.33:1 aspect ratio, 80 minutes run time, 1 disc, American version

Warner Home Video (2006)[4]

  • Released: August 22, 2006
  • Region: Region 1
  • Language: English (Stereo)
  • Format: Multiple Formats, Black & White, Closed-captioned, NTSC, Full Screen
  • Other Details: 1.33:1 aspect ratio, 518 minutes run time, 2 discs, American version

Warner Home Video (2015)

  • Released: October 27, 2015
  • Region:  A/1
  • Language: English
  • Format: Multiple Formats, Blu-Ray, Black & White, Closed-captioned, NTSC, Widescreen
  • Other Details: 80 minutes, 1 disc, American version

Videos

Trailers

Trivia

  • This movie went on to greatly influence the Godzilla series as series creators Ishiro Honda and Tomoyuki Tanaka were fans of it. Pre-Production of the first Godzilla film had already started but the decision of what the monster should be was still up for debate, at the time being decided on between a giant ape, an octopus, or a mutant humanoid with a mushroom-cloud shaped head. Tanaka saw The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms while in the United States and got the idea to make the monster saurian, directly resulting in Godzilla.
  • Multiple fans have noticed a strong similarity between this film's plot and that of Godzilla (1998 film). Both involve opening with a nuclear test unleashing a lizard-like monster who first attacks a fishing boat, damages a seaside structure including a lighthouse, and making landfall on the same Manhattan dock where it has traveled with the intent to spawn. It proceeds to plow through a building a leave a massive hole in it, evade military watch until nightfall where it has a showdown against an artillery unit. In the fighting it departs too attack a submariner vessel (a diving bell or modern submarine) but leaves a blood sample that reveals a secondary threat. After a nuclear scientist studies the creature, the military manages to kill it with rockets after it gets caught up inside a famous New York landmark (Coney Island roller-coaster or the Brooklyn Bridge).

References

Film media
Godzilla films
King Kong films
Mothra films
Gamera films
Other films
Cancelled or scrapped films
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