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King Kong vs. Godzilla

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Godzilla Films
Godzilla Raids Again
King Kong vs. Godzilla
Mothra vs. Godzilla
Toho Kaiju Film
King Kong vs. Godzilla Poster 1970
King Kong vs. Godzilla
Directed by
Ishiro Honda

Produced by
Tomoyuki Tanaka,
John Beck
Written by
Shinichi Sekizawa,
Willis O'Brien,
George Worthing Yates
Music by

Akira Ifukube

Distributed by
Toho Company Ltd.JP
UniversalUS
Rating
Not Rated

Budget
$12,000+
Gross
¥350,000,000
Running Time
98 minutesJP
(1 hour, 38 minutes)
91 minutesUS
(1 hour, 31 minutes)
Designs Used
KingGoji, ShodaiKongu, ShodaiDako, ShodaiTokage

King Kong vs. Godzilla (キングコング対ゴジラ?, Kingu Kongu Tai Gojira, lit. King Kong Against Godzilla) is a 1962 tokusatsu kaiju film produced by Toho Company Ltd., and the third installment in the Godzilla series as well as the Showa series. The film was released to Japanese theaters on August 11, 1962, and to American theaters on June 26th, 1963.


Plot

In the American version, a news report describes and mentions the great benefits of a newly discovered species of Berry, called Soma. However, the report also mentions that the berries can only be found on the small tropical idyll of Farou Island.

Mr. Tako, head of Pacific Pharmaceuticals, is frustrated with the television shows his company is sponsoring and wants something to boost his ratings. When Doctor Makino tells Tako about a giant monster he discovered on the small Farou Island, Tako believes that it would be a brilliant idea "...with a punch" to use the monster to gain publicity. Tako immediately sends two men, Sakurai and Kinsaburo, to find and bring back the monster from Farou.

Meanwhile, the American submarine Seahawk gets caught in the same iceberg that Godzilla was trapped in by the JSDF seven years earlier in 1955 in Godzilla Raids Again. As an American rescue helicopter circles the iceberg, Godzilla breaks out and heads towards a nearby Japanese Arctic base. The base, of course, is ineffective against Godzilla. Godzilla's appearance is all over the press and makes Tako angry. As Tako is complaining about Godzilla's media hype to his employees, one of them exclaims "And... there's a movie too!"

Meanwhile on Faro Island, a Giant Octopus attacks the village. King Kong finally makes his appearance and defeats the monster. Kong then drinks some red berry juice and falls asleep. Sakurai and Kinsaburo place Kong on a large raft and begin to transport him back to Japan. Back at Pacific Pharmaceuticals, Tako is excited because Kong is now all over the press instead of Godzilla. As Tako is out of the room, one of the employees ask which is stronger between King Kong and Godzilla. Another employee responds "Stupid, it's not a wrestling match!" Tako walks back in the room and exclaims "I'll buy that idea!"

Mr. Tako arrives on the ship transporting Kong, but unfortunately, the monster then wakes up and breaks free from the raft. As Kong meets up with Godzilla in a valley, Tako, Sakurai, and Kinsaburo have difficulty avoiding the JSDF to watch the fight. Eventually they find a spot. Kong throws some large rocks at Godzilla, but Godzilla shoots his atomic ray at Kong, so King Kong retreats.

The JSDF constantly try and stop both Kong and Godzilla but are mostly ineffective. They set up some power lines filled with a million volts of electricity (compare that to the 300,000 volts Godzilla went through in the original movie). The electricity is too much for Godzilla, but it seems to make King Kong stronger. Kong attacks Tokyo and holds a woman from a train, named Fumiko, hostage. The JSDF explode capsules full of the berry juice from Faro's scent and knock out King Kong. Tako approved of this plan because he "...didn't want anything bad to happen to Kong." The JSDF then decide to transport Kong via balloons to Godzilla, in hope that they will fight each other to their deaths.

The next morning, Kong meets up with Godzilla and the two begin to fight. Godzilla eventually knocks Kong unconscious but then a thunder storm arrives and revives King Kong, giving him the power of an electric grasp. The two begin to fight, Kong shoving a tree in Godzilla's mouth, Godzilla lighting it on fire, burning Kong's hand. The two monsters fight some more, tearing down Atami Castle in the process, and eventually plunge into the sea (which in the American version creates a massive earthquake and tidal wave which sweeps away several villages). After an underwater battle, only King Kong resurfaces and begins to slowly swim back home to Faro. As Kong swims home onlookers aren't sure if Godzilla survived the underwater fight, but speculate that it was possible.

Staff

Staff role on the left, staff member's name on the right.

  • Directed by   Ishiro Honda
  • Written by   Shinichi Sekizawa, Willis O'Brien, George Worthing Yates
  • Produced by   Tomoyuki Tanaka, John Beck
  • Music by   Akira Ifukube
  • Stock Music by   Akira Ifukube
  • Cinematography by   Hajime Koizumi
  • Edited by   Reiko Kaneko
  • Production Design by   Teruaki Abe, Takeo Kita
  • Assistant Directing by   Koji Kawakita
  • Special Effects by   Eiji Tsuburaya
  • Assistant Director of Special Effects   Teruyoshi Nakano

Cast

Actor's name on the left, character played on the right.

  • Tadao Takashima   as   Osamu Sakurai
  • Kenji Sahara   as   Kazuo Fujita
  • Yu Fujiki   as   Kinsaburo Furue
  • Ichiro Arishima   as   Mr. Tako
  • Mie Hama   as   Fumiko Sakurai
  • Jun Tazaki   as   General Masami Shinzo
  • Akiko Wakabayashi   as   Tamiye
  • Akihiko Hirata   as   Prime Minister Shigezawa
  • Akemi Negishi   as   Faro Island Native Chikiro's Mother
  • Senkichi Omura   as   TTV Translator Konno
  • Sachio Sakai   as   Mr. Tako's Assistant Obayashi
  • Haruya Kato   as   Obayashi's Assistant
  • Nadao Kirino   as   General's Aide
  • Yoshio Kosugi   as   Faro Island Chief
  • Shin Otomo   as   Ship Captain
  • Harold Conway   as   Scientist on Submarine

Appearances

Monsters

Weapons, Vehicles, and Races

Gallery

Main article: Gallery:King Kong vs. Godzilla.

Soundtrack

Main article: King Kong vs. Godzilla (Soundtrack).

Alternate Titles

  • The Return of King Kong (Die Rückkehr des King Kong; Germany)
  • The Triumph of King Kong (Il trionfo di King Kong; Italy)

Theatrical Releases

  • Japan - August 11, 1962; July 25th, 1964 (Re-Release); March 21st, 1970 (Re-Re-Release); March 19th, 1977 (Re-Re-Re-Release)
  • United States - June 26th, 1963
  • England - 1962
  • Spain - 1962
  • Italy - 1962
  • Mexico - 1962
  • Germany - 1974
  • France - 1976
  • Belgium - 1976

U.S. Release

King Kong vs. Godzilla was distributed in the U.S. by Universal Pictures, who made many alterations to the film, including cutting it and adding scenes with American actors. Among the alterations made by Universal for the North American theatrical release are:

  • Dialogue was dubbed, and it often strayed heavily from the Japanese script (jokes like "Kong can't make a monkey out of us" were by the American distributors).
  • Akira Ifukube's musical score was replaced by various Universal library music, most notably from The Creature from the Black Lagoon. (Only the jungle dance theme sung by the natives on Faro Island remains within the American version.)
  • Deleted: a farewell party for Sakurai and Farue.
  • Deleted: a scene where Sakurai plays drums while recording a commercial. Later, Farue tells him he is to go to Faro Island.
  • Deleted: most of the comic moments.
  • Deleted : Newspapers showing Godzilla's attacks.
  • The scene where Kong and Godzilla first meet is in a different time spot.
  • The climatic Earthquake is much more powerful in the U.S version which uses stock footage from the film The Mysterians in order to make the Earthquake much more violent then the tame tremor seen in the Japanese version. This footage contains the ground splitting open and massive tidal waves which flood nearby valleys.
  • Most notably, new scenes featuring United Nations reporter Eric Carter and other characters, including Dr. Arnold Johnson (a paleontologist who uses a children's dinosaur picture book to explain Godzilla's origins), and Japanese correspondent Yataka Omura were added. The characters comment on the film's action (which was comprised of the Japanese footage). However, the characters in the new scenes state facts about the main action that they cannot know, like when the expedition on Faro Island hears Kong's roar, and how Kong draws strength from electricity (although he has not done this yet in the film). They also claim that Godzilla has been hibernating in the iceberg since the Jurassic Period, an odd claim for anyone who had seen Godzilla, King of the Monsters! (after all, when Godzilla first breaks out of the iceberg, the two men in the helicopter call it "Godzilla." In the very next scene, Eric Carter states "The world is stunned to discover prehistoric beasts exist in the 20th century").
    • Thus, the American version also completely ignores the presence of Godzilla in 1955, creating a break in the Showa continuity which is not present in the Japanese version.

The American version runs 91 minutes, seven minutes shorter than the Japanese version which runs for 98 minutes.

Box Office

King Kong vs. Godzilla was released on theaters four different times in different years in Japan. The first theatrical release had an attendance of 11,200,000, the third release had an attendance 870,000, and the fourth release had an attendance of 480,000, adding up to a rough 12,550,000 attendance, the most attended Godzilla film of all time.

The U.S. version of King Kong vs. Godzilla had a $12,000 budget.

Reception

King Kong vs. Godzilla is very popular among kaiju fans and hailed as a classic. Its plot, acting, special effects, and musical aspects are often regarded as some of the finest in the Showa series of Godzilla films.

Video Releases

Toho (2001)

  • Released: 2001
  • Region: Region 2
  • Language: Japanese

Goodtimes (2001)[1]

  • Released: May 15, 2001
  • Region: Region 1
  • Language: English (Dolby Digital 1.0)
  • Format: Closed-captioned, Color, Full Screen, NTSC
  • Other Details: 1.33:1 aspect ratio, 91 minutes run time, 1 disc, American version

Universal (2009)[2]

  • Released: September 15, 2009
  • Region: Region 1
  • Language: English (Dolby Digital 2.0 Mono)
  • Format: Multiple Formats, Color, Dolby, NTSC, Subtitled, Widescreen
  • Other Details: 2.35:1 aspect ratio, 91 minutes run time, 1 disc, American version

Universal (2014)[3]

  • Blu-Ray
  • Released: April 1, 2014
  • Region: All Regions
  • Language: English (DTS-HD Master Audio 2.0 Mono)
  • Format: Blu-ray, NTSC
  • Other Details: 2.35:1 aspect ratio, 91 minutes run time, 1 disc, American version

Videos

Trailers

Trivia

  • Although fans of both Kong and Godzilla argue to this day, Toho has declared that King Kong was meant to win. Not only was King Kong the star and hero of the film, but Kong was much more popular than Godzilla at this time, and was the obvious choice to win audiences over. Toho confirmed Kong's victory in the press materials that they released when the film came out in 1962 that clearly says "A spectacular duel is arranged on the summit of Mt. Fuji, and King Kong is victorious."
  • A long-standing urban legend claims that the Japanese version of this film has an alternate ending in which Godzilla wins, but this was a misconception.
  • In Japan, this film has the highest box office attendance figures of all of the Godzilla series to date.
  • Not only was this the first Godzilla or King Kong film shot in "Scope" ratio (2.35:1), but was also their first appearances in color.
  • King Kong's original creator, Willis O'Brien, had created a treatment in the 60's called King Kong vs. Frankenstein. O'Brien planned on using stop motion animation, like he had in the original King Kong, to bring the monsters to life. O'Brien sparked the interest of producer John Beck with some concept art and several screenplay treatments to make the film. However, the cost of stop animation prevented the film from being put into production. Beck took O' Brien's main idea to Toho, who was planning to make Godzilla return to the big screen after his seven year absence since Godzilla Raids Again. Toho also wanted a big movie to celebrate their thirtieth year in production. The O'Brien treatment was changed to feature Godzilla to battle King Kong instead of Frankenstein's monster.
  • In 1991, the film was to be "remade" as Godzilla vs. King Kong as part of the Heisei series. Turner Entertainment, who claimed to be the owners of the original film, asked too much money for Kong's use, which made Toho attempt Godzilla vs. Mechani-Kong, but Turner tried to sue Toho for "Mechani-Kong being too similar to Kong." In the end, the film was scrapped and replaced with Godzilla vs. King Ghidorah.
  • Ishiro Honda had toyed with the idea of using Willis O'Brien's stop motion technique instead of the suitmation process used in his films, though budgetary concerns prevented him from using the process. However, there are a couple of brief scenes where Honda makes use of stop motion photography. The first use of it is in the scene where the Giant Octopus grabs one of the natives and swings him around. Another is the scene during Kong's fight with Godzilla, where it is used when Godzilla hits Kong with a jump-kick.
  • There were four live octopuses used in the scene where it fights the natives. They were forced to move by blowing hot air on them. After the filming of that scene was finished, three of the four were released. The fourth became special effects director Eiji Tsuburaya's dinner.
  • The dream project of Eiji Tsuburaya involved a giant octopus, and early designs for Godzilla himself in 1954 depicted him as a giant octopus. Although Tsuburaya's octopus design was rejected, it is likely that the giant octopus scene in this film is the fulfillment of his dream (Tsuburaya would later shoot giant octopus scenes for two other films, Frankenstein vs. Baragon, although this scene was cut, and War of the Gargantuas).

References

This is a list of references for King Kong vs. Godzilla. These citations are used to identify the reliable sources on which this article is based. These references appear inside articles in the form of superscript numbers, which look like this: [1]

Kaiju   Films
Godzilla Films Godzilla (1954 film)Godzilla Raids AgainKing Kong vs. GodzillaMothra vs. GodzillaGhidorah, the Three-Headed MonsterInvasion of Astro-MonsterEbirah, Horror of the DeepSon of GodzillaDestroy All MonstersAll Monsters AttackGodzilla vs. HedorahGodzilla vs. GiganGodzilla vs. MegalonGodzilla vs. MechaGodzillaTerror of MechaGodzillaThe Return of GodzillaGodzilla vs. BiollanteGodzilla vs. King GhidorahGodzilla vs. MothraGodzilla vs. MechaGodzilla 2Godzilla vs. SpaceGodzillaGodzilla vs. DestoroyahGodzilla 2000: MillenniumGodzilla vs. MegaguirusGodzilla, Mothra and King Ghidorah: Giant Monsters All-Out AttackGodzilla Against MechaGodzillaGodzilla: Tokyo S.O.S.Godzilla: Final WarsGodzilla (2014 film)Godzilla 2
Gamera Films GameraGamera vs. BarugonGamera vs. GyaosGamera vs. VirasGamera vs. GuironGamera vs. JigerGamera vs. ZigraGamera: Super MonsterGamera: Guardian of the UniverseGamera 2: Advent of LegionGamera 3: Awakening of IrysGamera: The Brave
Daimajin Films DaimajinThe Return of DaimajinWrath of Daimajin
Mothra Films MothraRebirth of MothraRebirth of Mothra IIRebirth of Mothra III
Miscellaneous Films GODZILLAKing Kong (1933 film)Japanese King KongKing Kong Appears in EdoSon Of KongThe Beast From 20,000 FathomsRodanThe MysteriansVaranH-ManGorathAtragonMatangoDogoraFrankenstein vs. BaragonWar of the GargantuasKing Kong EscapesSpace AmoebaDaigoro vs. GoliathThe X From Outer SpaceKing Kong (1976 film)King Kong LivesYamato TakeruKing Kong (2005 film)CloverfieldGo! GodmanMonsters

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