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King Kong vs. Godzilla
King Kong vs. Godzilla Poster 1970

Foreign title(s):

Kingu Kongu Tai Gojira

General Information

Directed by:

Ishiro Honda

Produced by:

Tomoyuki Tanaka
John Beck

Written by:

Shinichi Sekizawa
Willis O'Brien
George Worthing Yates

Music by:

Akira Ifukube

Production Information

Distributed by:

Toho Company Ltd.JP
Universal InternationalU.S.

Release date:

August 11, 1962JP
June 26, 1963U.S.

Rating:

Not rated

Budget:

$12,000+

Box office:

¥350,000,000

Running time:

98 minutesJP
(1 hour, 38 minutes)
91 minutesU.S.
(1 hour, 31 minutes)

Designs used:

KingGoji
ShodaiKongu
ShodaiDako
ShodaiTokage

Film Chronology

Previous:

Godzilla Raids Again

Next:

Mothra vs. Godzilla

 

King Kong vs. Godzilla (キングコング対ゴジラ,   Kingu Kongu Tai Gojira?, lit. King Kong Against Godzilla) is a 1962 tokusatsu kaiju film produced by Toho Company Ltd., the third installment in the Godzilla series, as well as the Showa series. The film was released to Japanese theaters on August 11, 1962, and to American theaters on June 26, 1963.

King Kong vs. Godzilla was directed by Ishiro Honda, who returned after his absence during the production of Godzilla Raids Again, produced by Tomoyuki Tanaka and John Beck, and written by Shinichi Sekizawa, Willis O'Brien, George Worthing Yates. The film's plot centers around Godzilla's return, and his confrontation with King Kong.

A sequel to this film, Mothra vs. Godzilla, was released on April 29, 1964.


Plot

In the American version, a news report describes and mentions the great benefits of a newly discovered species of Berry, called Soma. However, the report also mentions that the berries can only be found on the small tropical idyll of Farou Island.

Mr. Tako, head of Pacific Pharmaceuticals, is frustrated with the television shows his company is sponsoring and wants something to boost his ratings. When Doctor Makino tells Tako about a giant monster he discovered on the small Farou Island, Tako believes that it would be a brilliant idea "...with a punch" to use the monster to gain publicity. Tako immediately sends two men, Sakurai and Kinsaburo, to find and bring back the monster from Farou.

Meanwhile, the American submarine Seahawk gets caught in the same iceberg that Godzilla was trapped in by the JSDF seven years earlier in 1955 in Godzilla Raids Again. As an American rescue helicopter circles the iceberg, Godzilla breaks out and heads towards a nearby Japanese Arctic base. The base, of course, is ineffective against Godzilla. Godzilla's appearance is all over the press and makes Tako angry. As Tako is complaining about Godzilla's media hype to his employees, one of them exclaims "And... there's a movie too!"

Meanwhile on Faro Island, a Giant Octopus attacks the village. King Kong finally makes his appearance and defeats the monster. Kong then drinks some red berry juice and falls asleep in the midst of a celebratory dance by the natives. Sakurai and Kinsaburo place Kong on a large raft and begin to transport him back to Japan. Back at Pacific Pharmaceuticals, Tako is excited because Kong is now all over the press instead of Godzilla. As Tako is out of the room, one of the employees ask which is stronger between King Kong and Godzilla. Another employee responds "Stupid, it's not a wrestling match!" Tako walks back in the room and exclaims "I'll buy that idea!"

Mr. Tako arrives on the ship transporting Kong, but unfortunately, the monster then wakes up. To make matters worse, the JMSDF also arrive, and order Tako's ship to return to Faro, before boarding the ship to inspect it. During a small scuffle over a detonator, Tako accidentally presses the lever down himself, which fails to blow up the raft, but Kong soon begins to awaken. The JMSDF soldiers fire their rifles at the dynamite on the raft, successfully blowing it up. However, Kong survives the explosion and rises from the sea, then travels to Japan alone. As Kong meets up with Godzilla in a valley, Tako, Sakurai, and Kinsaburo have difficulty avoiding the JSDF to watch the fight. Eventually they find a spot. Kong throws some large rocks at Godzilla, but Godzilla shoots his atomic ray at Kong, so King Kong retreats.

The JSDF constantly try and stop both Kong and Godzilla but are mostly ineffective. They set up some power lines filled with a million volts of electricity (compare that to the 300,000 volts Godzilla went through in the original movie). The electricity is too much for Godzilla, but it seems to make King Kong stronger. Kong attacks Tokyo and holds a woman from a train, named Fumiko, hostage. The JSDF explode capsules full of the berry juice from Faro's scent and knock out King Kong. Tako approved of this plan because he "...didn't want anything bad to happen to Kong." The JSDF then decide to transport Kong via balloons to Godzilla, in hope that they will fight each other to their deaths.

The next morning, Kong meets up with Godzilla and the two begin to fight. Godzilla eventually knocks Kong unconscious but then a thunder storm arrives and revives King Kong, giving him the power of an electric grasp. The two begin to fight, Kong shoving a tree in Godzilla's mouth, Godzilla lighting it on fire, burning Kong's hand. The two monsters fight some more, tearing down Atami Castle in the process, and eventually plunge into the sea (which in the American version creates a massive earthquake and tidal wave which sweeps away several villages). After an underwater battle, only King Kong resurfaces and begins to slowly swim back home to Faro. As Kong swims home onlookers aren't sure if Godzilla survived the underwater fight, but speculate that it was possible.

Staff

Staff role on the left, staff member's name on the right.

  • Directed by   Ishiro Honda
  • Written by   Shinichi Sekizawa, Willis O'Brien, George Worthing Yates
  • Produced by   Tomoyuki Tanaka, John Beck
  • Music by   Akira Ifukube
  • Stock Music by   Akira Ifukube
  • Cinematography by   Hajime Koizumi
  • Edited by   Reiko Kaneko
  • Production Design by   Teruaki Abe, Takeo Kita
  • Assistant Directing by   Koji Kawakita
  • Special Effects by   Eiji Tsuburaya
  • Assistant Director of Special Effects   Teruyoshi Nakano

Cast

Actor's name on the left, character played on the right.

  • Tadao Takashima   as   Osamu Sakurai
  • Kenji Sahara   as   Kazuo Fujita
  • Yu Fujiki   as   Kinsaburo Furue
  • Ichiro Arishima   as   Mr. Tako
  • Mie Hama   as   Fumiko Sakurai
  • Jun Tazaki   as   General Masami Shinzo
  • Akiko Wakabayashi   as   Tamie
  • Akihiko Hirata   as   Prime Minister Shigezawa
  • Akemi Negishi   as   Faro Island Native Chikiro's Mother
  • Senkichi Omura   as   TTV Translator Konno
  • Sachio Sakai   as   Mr. Tako's Assistant Obayashi
  • Haruya Kato   as   Obayashi's Assistant
  • Nadao Kirino   as   General's Aide
  • Yoshio Kosugi   as   Faro Island Chief
  • Shin Otomo   as   Ship Captain
  • Douglas Fein   as   Seahawk Captain Roberts
  • Harold Conway   as   Seahawk Scientist
  • Osman Yusuf   as   Seahawk Sailor
  • Michael Keith   as   Eric Carter*
  • Harry Holcombe   as   Dr. Arnold Johnson*
  • James Yagi   as   Yutaka Omura*
*In international releases only

Appearances

Monsters

Vehicles

Alternate titles

  • The Return of King Kong (Die Rückkehr des King Kong; Germany)
  • The Triumph of King Kong (Il trionfo di King Kong; Italy)

Theatrical releases

  • Japan - August 11, 1962; July 25, 1964 (re-release); March 21, 1970 (re-re-release); March 19, 1977 (re-re-re-release); July 14, 2016 (4K digital restoration)[1]
  • United States - June 26th, 1963; June 3, 1963 (Premiere); October 1984 (Chicago International Film Festival)
  • England - 1962
  • Italy - 1962
  • Portugal - November 1962
  • Taiwan - November 9, 1962
  • South Korea - January 5, 1963
  • Ireland - May 19, 1966
  • Mexico - December 25, 1969
  • Germany - August 23, 1974
  • France - July 7, 1976
  • Belgium - 1976
  • Spain - December 25, 1978

U.S. release

KingKongVsGodzilla

American King Kong vs. Godzilla poster

An English version of King Kong vs. Godzilla was prepared by producer John Beck, who felt that Toho's version of the film wouldn't play well to American audiences. He hired writers Bruce Howard and Paul Mason to "Americanize" the film. Peter Zinner was brought in as an editor for Beck's version. Among the alterations made for the North American theatrical release are:

  • Dialogue was dubbed at Ryder Sound Services, Inc. in Hollywood. The new dialogue often strayed heavily from the Japanese script. Howard and Mason's script is still comedic at times but eliminates most of the humor in Sekizawa's original screenplay.
  • Akira Ifukube's musical score was largely replaced by library music, most notably from The Golden Horde, Creature from the Black Lagoon and other Universal films. Ifukube's Farou Island native chant and an exotic jungle cue are the only tracks carried over from the original soundtrack.
  • Deleted: a farewell party for Sakurai and Farue.
  • Deleted: a scene where Sakurai plays drums while recording a commercial. Later, Farue tells him he is to go to Farou Island.
  • Deleted: Most of the comic moments.
  • Deleted : Newspapers showing Godzilla's attacks.
  • The scene where Kong and Godzilla first meet is in a different time spot.
  • The climatic earthquake is much more powerful in the U.S version, utilizing stock footage from the film The Mysterians in order to make the earthquake much more violent than the tame tremor seen in the Japanese version. This footage contains the ground splitting open and massive tidal waves which flood nearby valleys.
  • The most notable alteration in this version is the addition of new scenes featuring United Nations reporter Eric Carter, played by Michael Keith, paleontologist Dr. Arnold Johnson, played by Harry Holcombe, and Japanese correspondent Yutaka Omura, played by James Yagi, in a series of pseudo-news broadcasts. These scenes make changes to the monsters' origins and characteristics, such as suggesting that Kong grew to his gigantic size by eating the Soma berries native to Farou Island and that Godzilla has been imprisoned inside the iceberg since the Mesozoic era, ignoring the events of Godzilla and Godzilla Raids Again. Stock footage of the Mysterian Space Station from The Mysterians is added into these scenes to substitute as a United Nations satellite. These segments were directed by Thomas Montgomery.
  • The American version runs 91 minutes, seven minutes shorter than the Japanese version, which runs for 98 minutes. This is with the addition of several minutes of new footage in the American release.
  • Contrary to popular belief, the outcome of the final battle between Kong and Godzilla is not changed in the U.S. version; Kong is the monster that triumphs in the end of both versions of the film. While in the Japanese version the characters propose it is possible that Godzilla survived the battle, in the U.S. version they merely state they hope they've seen the last of Godzilla. Godzilla's roar is also not heard over the ending, while it was present in the Japanese version along with Kong's.

After completing production of the U.S. version, Beck sold his rights to the film to Universal International, which distributed the film in the United States and later in most of the rest of the world starting in June of 1963. To this day, Universal owns exclusive rights to the American version of the film.

Box office

King Kong vs. Godzilla was released on theaters four different times in different years in Japan. The first theatrical release had an attendance of 11,200,000, the third release had an attendance 870,000, and the fourth release had an attendance of 480,000, adding up to a rough 12,550,000 attendance, the most attended Godzilla film of all time.

The U.S. version of King Kong vs. Godzilla had a $12,000 budget.

Reception

King Kong vs. Godzilla is very popular among kaiju fans and hailed as a classic. Its plot, acting, special effects, and musical aspects are often regarded as some of the finest in the Showa series of Godzilla films.

Home media releases

Distributor Released Region Language Format Misc.
Toho 2001 Region 2 Japanese N/A N/A
Goodtimes[2] May 15, 2001 Region 1 English (Dolby Digital 1.0) Closed-captioned
Color
Full Screen
NTSC
1.33:1 aspect ratio
91 minutes run time
1 disc
American version
Universal[3] September 15, 2009 Region 1 English (Dolby Digital 2.0 Mono) Multiple formats
Color
Dolby
NTSC
Subtitled
Widescreen
2.35:1 aspect ratio
91 minutes run time
1 disc
American version
Universal[4] April 1, 2014 All regions English (DTS-HD Master Audio 2.0 Mono) Blu-ray
NTSC
2.35:1 aspect ratio
91 minutes run time
1 disc
American version
Toho July 16, 2014 All regions Japanese
Linear PCM 2.0 Mono
DTS-HD Master Audio 4.0
DTS-HD Master Audio 5.1
DTS-HD Master Audio 4.0 isolated soundtrack
Blu-ray
Dual layer MPEG-4 AVC
2.35:1 aspect ratio
97 minutes run time

Trivia

  • Although fans of both Kong and Godzilla argue to this day, Toho has declared that King Kong was meant to win. Not only was King Kong the star and hero of the film, but Kong was much more popular than Godzilla at this time, and was the obvious choice to win audiences over. Toho confirmed Kong's victory in the press materials that they released when the film came out in 1962 that clearly says "A spectacular duel is arranged on the summit of Mt. Fuji, and King Kong is victorious."[5]
  • In Japan, this film has the highest box office attendance figures of all of the Godzilla series to date.
  • Not only was this the first Godzilla or King Kong film shot in "Scope" ratio (2.35:1), but was also both monster's first debut in color.
  • King Kong's original creator, Willis O'Brien, had created a treatment in the 60s called King Kong vs. Frankenstein. O'Brien planned on using stop motion animation, like he had in the original King Kong, to bring the monsters to life. O'Brien sparked the interest of producer John Beck with some concept art and several screenplay treatments to make the film. However, the cost of stop animation prevented the film from being put into production. Beck took O' Brien's main idea to Toho, who was planning to make Godzilla return to the big screen after his seven year absence since Godzilla Raids Again. Toho also wanted a big movie to celebrate their thirtieth year in production. The O'Brien treatment was changed to feature Godzilla to battle King Kong instead of Frankenstein's monster.
  • In 1991, the film was to be "remade" as Godzilla vs. King Kong as part of the Heisei series. Turner Entertainment, who claimed to be the owners of the original film, asked for too much money for Kong's use, to which Toho attempted to create Godzilla vs. Mechani-Kong. This was halted however, as Turner tried to sue Toho for "Mechani-Kong being too similar to Kong." In the end, the film was scrapped and replaced with Godzilla vs. King Ghidorah. Luckily, on October 14, 2015, the idea of a "remake" was brought back by Legendary Pictures, and is currently planned to be made under the name Godzilla vs. Kong.[6]
  • Ishiro Honda had toyed with the idea of using Willis O'Brien's stop motion technique instead of the suitmation process used in his films, though budgetary concerns prevented him from using the process. However, there are a couple of brief scenes where Honda makes use of stop motion photography. The first use of it is in the scene where the Giant Octopus grabs one of the natives and swings him around. Another is the scene during Kong's fight with Godzilla, where it is used when Godzilla hits Kong with a jump-kick.
  • There were four live octopuses used in the scene where it fights the natives. They were forced to move by blowing hot air on them. After the filming of that scene was finished, three of the four were released. The fourth became special effects director Eiji Tsuburaya's dinner.
  • The dream project of Eiji Tsuburaya involved a giant octopus, and early designs for Godzilla himself in 1954 depicted him as a giant octopus. Although Tsuburaya's octopus design was rejected, it is likely that the giant octopus scene in this film is the fulfillment of his dream (Tsuburaya would later shoot giant octopus scenes for two other films, Frankenstein vs. Baragon, although this scene was cut, and War of the Gargantuas).
  • In the American version of the film, it's suggested that Godzilla has been imprisoned in the iceberg since the Mesozoic era. The presence of Godzilla in Godzilla Raids Again is ignored, essentially creating a break in the Showa continuity which is not present in the Japanese version
  • This film marks the debut of Godzilla's famous theme by Akira Ifukube, although it was completely removed in the American version.

References

  1. King Kong vs. Godzilla 4K Restoration Poster
  2. (May, 15 2001).King Kong vs. Godzilla Amazon. Retrieved June 18, 2017
  3. (September 15, 2009). King Kong vs. Godzilla Amazon. Retrieved June 18, 2017
  4. (April 1, 2014). King Kong vs. Godzilla (Blu-ray) Amazon. Retrieved June 18, 2017
  5. Tohofilms8
  6. (October 14, 2015). LEGENDARY AND WARNER BROS. PICTURES ANNOUNCE CINEMATIC FRANCHISE UNITING GODZILLA, KING KONG AND OTHER ICONIC GIANT MONSTERS Legendary. Retrieved June 5, 2017
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