|Gorath (1962 film)|
Gorath (妖星ゴラス?, lit. Planet Gorath), is a Japanese science fiction Yosei Gorasutokusatsu film produced by Toho in 1962. The story for Gorath was written by Jojiro Okami, a former Japanese Air Force pilot who also gave the original ideas to the films The Mysterians, Battle in Outer Space, and Dogora. It was released to Japanese theaters on March 21, 1962.
The film depicts a runaway star on a collision course with Earth in the then-future decade of the 1980s. Unlike most other impact event stories, in which mankind must abandon the Earth (When Worlds Collide) or destroy the threat (Deep Impact, Armageddon), Gorath sees humanity attempt to avert disaster by disengaging Earth from its own orbit around the Sun. While the American When Worlds Collide can be seen as an influence on the story of Gorath, Daiei's 1956 film, Warning from Space, in which a planet is on a collision course with Earth, may have been a more direct inspiration.
Staff role on the left, staff member's name on the right.
- Directed by Ishiro Honda
- Written by Jojiro Okami, and Takeshi Kimura
- Produced by Tomoyuki Tanaka
- Music by Kan Ishii
- Cinematography by Hajime Koizumi
- Edited by Reiko Kaneko
- Assistant Directing by Katsumune Ishida, Koji Kajita, Shoji Kuroda, and Masashi Matsumuto
- Special Effects by Teruyoshi Nakano, Kan Narita, Sokei Tomioka, Eiji Tsuburaya, Akira Watanabe, and Koichi Kawakita
Actor's name on the left, character played on the right.
- Ryô Ikebe as Dr. Tazawa - Astrophysicist
- Yumi Shirakawa as Tomoko Sonoda
- Akira Kubo as Tatsuma Kanai - Cadet Astronaut
- Kumi Mizuno as Takiko Nomura
- Hiroshi Tachikawa as Wakabayashi - Pilot of Ôtori
- Akihiko Hirata as Endô - Captain of Ôtori
- Kenji Sahara as Saiki - Vice Captain of Ôtori
- Jun Tazaki as Raizô Sonoda - Tomoko's Father
- Ken Uehara as Dr. Kôno - Astrophysicist
- Takashi Shimura as Kensuke Sonoda - Paleontologist
- Seizaburô Kawazu as Tada - Minister of Finance
- Kô Mishima as Sanada - Engineer
- Sachio Sakai as Physician
- Takamaru Sasaki as Prime Minister Seki
- Kô Nishimura as Murata - Secretary of Space
- Eitarô Ozawa as Kinami - Minister of Justice
- Masanari Nihei as Itô - Astronaut of Ôtori
- Kôzô Nomura as Observer of Ôtori
- Keiko Sata as Prime Minister's Secretary
- Hideyo Amamoto as Man in bar
- George Furness as Hooverman (as Jôji Fânesu)
- Ross Benette as Gibson (as Rosu Benetto)
- Jun'ichirô Mukai as Space Base Security Guard
- Nadao Kirino as Manabe - Takiko's Lover
- Fumio Sakashita as Hayao Sonoda - Tomoko's Brother
- Ikio Sawamura as Taxi Driver
- Toshihiko Furuta as Observer of Ôtori
- Yoshiyuki Uemura as Mathematician of Ôtori
- Rinsaku Ogata as Engineer of Ôtori
- Masayoshi Kawabe as Observer of Ôtori
- Yasushi Matsubara as Radio Operator of Ôtori
- Tadashi Okabe as Mathematician of Ôtori
- Kôji Uno as Reporter
- Yukihiko Gondô as Pilot of Ôtori
- Ken'ichirô Maruyama as Engineer of Ôtori (as Ken'ichiro Maruyama)
Weapons, Vehicles, and Races
- JX-1 Hayabusa
- Space Station Terra
- Atomic Burrower
- JX-2 Ootori
- Capsule 1
- Main article: Gorath (1962 film)/Gallery.
- Main article: Gorath (Soundtrack).
- Suspicious Star Gorath
- UFOs to the Destroy the Earth
- Clash of the Planets
- Japan - March 21, 1962 [view poster]
- United States - May 15, 1964 [view poster]
- West Germany - July 10, 1975
The film was released in the United States by Brenco Pictures. Most of the visual content was kept intact, but the six-minute sequence featuring the character Maguma was removed. The distributors found the character's appearance comical, even dubbing him "Wally the Walrus" (most likely inspired by Wally Walrus, an antagonist from the Woody Woodpecker cartoons popular at the time). As such, they removed the sequence for their cut of the film, and it has never been restored to the English-language edit, which was aired several times on television throughout the 1960s and '70s.
The English dubbing was done by Ryder Sound Services, and scripted by Star Trek writer John Lucas. Only four voice actors were used to dub the film. Besides the voices, the audio track was tampered with, including adding a sound effect for the meteor which was not in the original Japanese version.
Brenco Pictures re-released the film on a double-bill with The Human Vapor in 1968, but between the two releases never turned a profit on their investment in Gorath. The company closed in 1969 soon after the death of co-owner Edward L. Alperson on July 3 of that year. The film was purchased by Heritage Enterprises and distributed to U.S. television. Presumably, it was seen by more people on TV than by people who saw it between its two theatrical releases.
- The planet Gorath later appeared as a meteorite in Godzilla: Final Wars. According to the Xiliens, a dead star went supernova and expelled Gorath, possibly a small planet broken into smaller chunks after this event. In truth, Gorath was part of the Xiliens' plans to bring their most powerful weapon, Monster X, to Earth, while still fooling the humans into believing that the Xiliens intended to save the Earth from the collision.